Meniere’s disease is a disorder of the inner ear that causes episodes in which there is feel of spinning (vertigo), have fluctuating hearing loss with a progressive, ultimately permanent loss of hearing, ringing in the ear (tinnitus), and sometimes a feeling of fullness or pressure in your ear. In most cases, Meniere’s disease affects only one ear.
Although the cause is unknown, Meniere’s disease probably results from an abnormality in the volume of fluid in the inner ear. Too much fluid may accumulate either due to excess production or inadequate absorption. In some individuals, especially those with involvement of both ears, allergies or autoimmune disorders may play a role in producing Ménière’s disease.
Ménière’s disease may start with fluctuating hearing loss, eventually progressing to attacks of vertigo and dizziness.
- Oncoming attacks are often preceded by an “aura,” or the specific set of warning symptoms
- Balance Disturbance
- Dizziness, Lightheadedness
- Headache, Increased ear pressure
- Hearing loss or Tinnitus increase
- sound sensitivity
- vague feeling of uneasiness
- During an attack of early-stage Ménière’s disease, symptoms include:
- Spontaneous, Violent Vertigo
- Fluctuating Hearing Loss
- Ear fullness (aural fullness) and/or tinnitus
- In addition to the above main symptoms, attacks can also include:
- Anxiety, Fear
- Blurry vision or eye jerking
- Nausea and Vomiting
- Cold Sweat, Palpitations or Rapid Pulse
- Following the attack, a period of extreme fatigue or exhaustion often occurs, prompting the need for hours of sleep.
- Eating a low-salt (sodium) diet helps reduce the fluid pressure in your inner ear.
- Fresh or frozen vegetables and fruits.
- Fresh or frozen beef, chicken and fish.
- Some over-the-counter medicines, such as antacids and laxatives, have a lot of salt in them. If you need these medicines, ask your provider or pharmacist what brands contain little or no salt.
- Home water softeners add salt to water. If you have one, limit how much tap water you drink. Drink bottled water instead.
- Avoid caffeine and alcohol, which may make symptoms worse.
- If you smoke, quit. Quitting may help reduce symptoms.
- Some people find that managing allergy symptoms and avoiding allergy triggers helps decrease
- Meniere disease symptoms.
- Get plenty of sleep and take steps to reduce stress
- Foods to avoid
Most canned foods, unless the label says low or no sodium. Canned foods often contain salt to preserve the color of the food and keep it looking fresh.
- Processed foods, such as cured or smoked meats, bacon, hot dogs, sausage, bologna, ham, and salami.
- Packaged foods such as macaroni and cheese and rice mixes.
- Anchovies, olives, pickles, and sauerkraut.
- Soy and Worcestershire sauces.
- Tomato and other vegetable juices.
- Most cheeses.
- Many bottled salad dressings and salad dressing mixes.
- Most snack foods, such as chips or crackers.