An anal fissure is a cut or tear occurring in the anus (the opening through which stool passes out of the body) that extends upwards into the anal canal.


Common causes of anal fissure include:

  • Passing large or hard stools
  • Constipation and straining during bowel movements
  • Chronic diarrhea
  • Inflammation of the anorectal area, caused by Crohn’s disease or another inflammatory bowel disease
  • Childbirth

Less common causes of anal fissures include:

  • Anal cancer
  • HIV
  • Tuberculosis
  • Syphilis
  • Herpes

Risk factors

Factors that may increase your risk of developing an anal fissure include:

  • Infancy
  • Aging
  • Constipation
  • Childbirth
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Anal intercourse


  • A visible tear in the skin around your anus
  • A skin tag, or small lump of skin, next to the tear
  • Sharp pain in the anal area during bowel movements
  • Streaks of blood on stools or on tissue paper after wiping
  • burning or itching in the anal area

Self Care

  • Increase your daily intake of fibre
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Get more exercise
  • do not delay going to the toilet when you feel the urge
  • use alcohal free or fragrance free wet wipe
  • soak your bottom in a warm bath

We Care

Manage Yourself

More Home Remedies